he city of victory, Jaipur, presides over the fascinating desert State of Rajasthan and the city very nearly exemplifies the character of the state and its people: surrounded by rugged hills, each
Beautiful building of Albert Hall crowned by a formidable fort; and beautiful palaces, mansions and gardens dotted throughout its precincts.

This vibrant city was founded in 1727 AD by Maharaja Jai Singh II who moved his capital from Amber to the present site. The reason behind was the increasing populations beyond the carrying capacity of the former capital, Amber. The designing of this first planned city of India was entrusted to a brilliant Bengali architect Vidyadhar
Bhattacharya, who laid the plans according to the Hindu treaties, the Shilp Shastra.

Jaipur was planned in a gird system with wide straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes and
uniform rows of shops on either side of the main roads, all arranged in nine rectangular city sectors. For protection from invading armies and wild animals, the city was surrounded by a wall having seven gates. However, Jai Singh's planned city has withstood all the pressures and the changes.

Arrival of Prince Albert, consort of Queen Victoria, in 1863, enhanced the glory of the walled city, which was uniformly painted

Elephant Ride at Amber Fort

in rose pink to extend a warm welcome. Since then the city earned the epitaph 'The Pink City'. The modern Jaipur, however, has surpassed the earlier limits and now, nearly, extends to the very doors of the ancient capital of Amber.

The former capital of Jaipur state, Amber, stands atop a range of craggy hills, 11 km from the 
Signature Building of Jaipur- Hawa Mahal present city. The fort is remarkable as much for the majestic grandeur of its surroundings as for its sturdy battlements and beautiful palaces including Sheesh Mahal, which is considered as world's best chamber of mirrors. One can steal a measure of erstwhile majesty by riding up to the palace on a brightly caparisoned elephant. On the way back to Jaipur, Jal Mahal- a former hunting lodge is a perfect picture spot.

Within the walled Pink city is the signature building of Jaipur,
Hawa Mahal- Palace of the Winds, constructed in 1799 AD. This five-storeyed pyramidal building, which looks out over the main street of the old city, is a stunning example of Rajput artistry with its
pink, semi-octagonal and delicately honeycombed sandstone windows. It was originally built to enable the ladies of the royal household to look out on the city and thereby observe everyday life and processions.

In the heart of the old city is City Palace, a unique blend of Rajasthani and Mughal architecture. Grey-white marble columns studded with floral motifs in gold and coloured stones support the carved arches. This beautiful palace houses museums, displaying a

Private part of the City Palace, in which the present Maharaja still lives.

large variety of items collected by the Royal house. Royal costumes, a fascinating armoury of Mughal and Rajput weapons, jewellery, an interesting collection of chariots and carriages, royal howdahs (elephant seats) offer a glimpse of life in those days.

Adjacent to the entrance to the City Palace is the astronomical observatory, Jantar Mantar, brainchild of the builder of Jaipur, Maharaja Jai Singh, who made it in 18th century. The huge
Jantar Mantar- The Observatory masonry instruments were used to study the movement of constellations and stars in the sky. Enormous sundials still provide accurate time, and subject to the daily corrections, which are displayed on board everyday. One can set one's watch with precision.

Other places of interest are two imposing fortress of Jaigarh & Nahargarh, full of the history of the state's martial past. Two
gardens that must be visited are landscaped pavilions known as Vidyadharji Ka Bagh and Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh. The newly built Birla Temple is a unique monument with exquisite marble carvings.

The buzzing metropolis of Jaipur is shopper's paradise. It has heaps of handicrafts ranging from
grimacing papier-mâché to exquisitely carved furniture. Jaipur is especially well known for precious & semi precious stones, woolen carpets, marble statues, costume jewellery, tie & dye work, and block printed fabrics.

Jaipur is certainly a place of wild contrasts and a veritable feast for the eyes. Vegetable-laden camel carts, traditionally dressed Rajput men sporting bright turbans, Houses with latticed windows line the streets with their rose pink colour, little colourful shops that delight for its Rajasthani handlooms & trinkets, ramshackle roadside stalls selling traditional rajasthani shoes- Jootis, holy

Ricksahw ride through the colourful bazaars

cows on the streets, vendors selling flowers and other items of offerings outside the temples, heart rendering morning & evening prayers in the temples… make Jaipur an enchanting destination.
 

USEFUL INFORMATION

Getting there & away

 

Jaipur is well connected by air with Ahmedabad, Delhi, Jodhpur, Kolkata, Mumbai and Udaipur. It is also well linked with the major cities by rail & road.

Further Connections

 

Jodhpur, Samode, Mandawa, Kuchaman, Ajmer, Pushkar, Deogarh, Udaipur, Ranthambore, Kota, Bundi, Sariska, Karauli, Bharatpur, Agra

Temperature

Summer: (Max.) 41 degree C, (Min.) 25 degree C
Winter: (Max.) 25 degree C, (Min.) 8 degree C

Best time to visit

From October till March.

Clothes
 

Summer- Cottons
Winter- Woolens

Important

 

Most of the sales people in Jaipur are incredibly persuasive & tenacious. Just keep your cool and make your own decisions. Don't forget to make a good bargain before buying anything.

TOURS TO JAIPUR

 A perfect curtain raiser (12 Days)

 

Charismatic North India & the Wonders of Nepal (22 Days)

 

Chasing the Wild (21 Days)

 

Colours of Western India (20 Days)

 

Don't miss your train (18 Days)

 

Go for refuge to the Buddha (20 Days)

 

Kaleidoscopic Rajasthan (21 Days)

 

Rajasthan at its colourful best (25 Days)

 
 

 

 
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